This ancient picture of an equally ancient bookbinder shows him at his standing lay press.
But what is he actually doing?
The picture clearly shows he is not sharing any of the trade secrets as the hammer would have been used for beating out the sections and rounding and backing the spine before the book was covered, and the headcaps would not be formed in the press.
I wonder how long he had to hold that pose for?
I on the other hand am showing you exactly how much pressure is needed when nipping the endpapers on a newly bound folio Bible. It must be summertime in the Old Boy's workshop as you can see the fire isn't lit and he is suitably attired for the job. The standard dress for a bookbinder in those days was:
A woollen vest, shirt and tie, a thick woollen jumper, cow gown, cloth cap and big bushy moustache. Whereas: It is spring in my workshop and the standard dress has altered somewhat!
I don't know how the Old Boy coped with the heat from tooling in those days, the 2 colour bible pictured above,took over 800 impressions of tools on the spine alone.